P0446 Chevy Astro Van

Title: GM OBD2 Module Trouble Code Comprehensive List Gas and Diesel Author: WESTERS GARAGE #3 Created Date: 6/17/2008 3:50:14 PM. Diagnostic procedures for the check engine, service engine soon light with trouble code descriptions and test procedures. ChevroletForum. We offer dozens of articles that will help you do practically any automotive job yourself. My 2004 Chevy Suburban 1500 is impossible to fill at the pump without babying it and keeps giving me the P0446 code. Date: 2020-08-05 ←. TSB Number: 01484 NHTSA Number: 10005499 TSB Date: January 1, 2004 Date Added to File: March 1, 2004 Failing Component: Engine And Engine Cooling:Engine Summary: Gen iii replacement flywheel bolt holes larger than original part. This is due to it being related to the system that deals with fuel vapors. All, My check engine light came on last night when I started my truck to go home from work. Search All Service Centers Near 98837. I need some advise as I would not expect this on a truck that is only 13 months old. 1 Replies 2773 Views. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. Mia has a passion for math, science, and technology that motivates her to stay on top of the latest industry trends, such as electric vehicles and autonomous systems. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. The purge valve solenoid tested good and I replaced the vent filter solenoid. Warning lights illuminate on the Chevy's instrument panel to keep you informed of the status of the various systems in the vehicle. The vans came in both short and long wheelbases, and all-wheel drive versions like the Chrysler minivans. also replaced both up and down stream 02 sensors , MAF sensor and the fuel pump, cleared the codes with FIXD day later same code came back the only thing I didn’t replace is the throttle body fuel has a internal filter. 3 Chevy Astro Pine Hollow Auto Diagnostics 222,130 views. Correctly diagnosing P0446 code on Chevrolet and GM cars and trucks. 2004 Chevrolet Chevy C Silverado - 2WD Subject: ABS Light On, DTCs C0265, C0201, U1041 Set and/or Loss of Communication with Brake Module (Reground EBCM Ground) #04-05-25-002C - (11/23/2005) Models: 2004-2005 Buick Rainier. 0 hour of labor. canister vent valve solenoid, is what the parts store guy says I need. Check engine on code p0446 Chevy Colorado 05 what is? Chevy Silverado GMC Envoy Chevy Colorado Head Gaskets and Valve Covers Chevy Astro VW. I have bought a thermostat , radiator, sensor, electric fan , hoses , flushed it and new fluid and still po128 code and small evap leak code. Where is the evap emission control switch on chevy astro van 2002 located? there is no evap "switch". All cars and trucks built in 1996 or later have an OBD (onboard diagnostic) II diagnostic link connector (DLC). Order Exhaust Muffler for your vehicle and pick it up in store—make your purchase, find a store near you, and get directions. This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. code p0446. 2002 - 2004. Asked by hoppyz Dec 21, 2011 at 12:47 PM about the 2009 Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD LTZ Crew Cab 4WD. Chevrolet Malibu (2001) – fuse box diagram Year of production: 2001 Instrument Panel Fuse Block-Left Fuse Usage A Wipers B Trunk relase and remote lock control C Turn signal D Power mirrors E Air bag F Body Function Control Module G Powertrain Control Module H Door Locks J Body Function Control Module, Cluster MICRO RELAY TRUNK …. The valve is either not functioning because it is faulty, there is a wiring problem. The vans came in both short and long wheelbases, and all-wheel drive versions like the Chrysler minivans. The canister vent solenoid (EVAP vent valve) and purge solenoid (on the engine intake) were replaced. Related P0446 Content 1999 Chevy Silverado Service Code P0446 I Don't Know What Needs To Be Done To Fix Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Control Circuit Malfunction. Shop for replacement automotive EVAP Emission System Parts for your Chevrolet online or call us at 888-844-3393 and order today!. Re: Resetting a chevy computer? Originally Posted by DKKNE Also the ECM must relearn and it does that VERY slowly if you let it idel, it needs to be drievn about 30-50 miles before is has enought long term fuel trim saved. It didn't take long to find out that the distributor gear was stripped out. 190 HP Vortec 4300 V6 SFI Eng. I have the same van and had the same problem. Can I fix this myself. Chevy express transmission removal. Date: 2020-08-05 ←. Kimberly K Anderson March 22, 2019. 2000-2006 Chevrolet Suburban, Tahoe 2002-2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 2002-2007 Chevrolet TrailBlazer, TrailBlazer EXT 2003-2006 Chevolet SSR 1999-2007 GMC Sierra Classic. It takes about 10 minutes to put in 20 litres of fuel. Chevy Truck Forum | Silverado Sierra GMC Truck Forums. Cost of diagnosing the P0446 GMC code Labor: 1. Find 414 used 2006 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 as low as $2,499 on Carsforsale. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. That means you can’t clear codes and immediately try to perform a drive cycle and zoom off to the testing station. also replaced both up and down stream 02 sensors , MAF sensor and the fuel pump, cleared the codes with FIXD day later same code came back the only thing I didn’t replace is the throttle body fuel has a internal filter. They also tell you when the vehicle needs servicing. on certain 2016 model year chevrolet trax vehicles equipped with a 1. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 1539 automotive repair related questions in the month of April, resulting in over 11638 responses. I picked up a brand new one and it is time to get it fixed up. At the same time, she has a weakness for fixer-upper oddballs, such as her 1987 Chevy Cavalier Z-24 and 1998 Chevy Astro Van AWD. These connectors can be plugged into with an affordable car code reader/eraser to check what codes have tripped. TSB Number: SB-09-06-04-007A NHTSA Number: 10030685 TSB Date: April 1, 2009 Date Added to File: November 10, 2009. All, My check engine light came on last night when I started my truck to go home from work. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. Compare 2007 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Vapor Canister Vent Solenoid brands. Mia has a passion for math, science, and technology that motivates her to stay on top of the latest industry trends, such as electric vehicles and autonomous systems. Chevrolet Code P0420 Common Diagnosis Mistakes. Thank you. this message concerns 1996 through 2000 m & l vans, chevrolet astro and gmc safari that may exhibit a lack of heat at the driver's seat. General Motors Driving Cycle. What is that code. Chevy Van/Express 4. 3 thats throttle body. Trouble Code diagnostics. 1994 Chevy Astro Van Service Manual 1992 isuzu rodeo v6 service manual astro, 1995 chevrolet astro manuals krystal clear model 635t manual 1994 chevrolet astro auto repair manual - dp30 1994 chevrolet astro van - prices. 05 chevy van express 2500 3500 Dies quits bad ground. 0 The cost of diagnosing the P0446 GMC code is 1. We are Chevy, Buick, GMC, Pontiac and Oldsmobile experts. Search Fixya code. Chevy / GMC - P0446 EVAP System. What complicates getting to the bottom of what's causing these two codes to pop up, is that they don't accuse one specific component as being bad. the people put the engine it saying nothi ng wrong with engine. If you take it to the dealer they want 300-400. The worst complaints are electrical, engine, and AC / heater problems. TSB Number: 01484 NHTSA Number: 10005499 TSB Date: January 1, 2004 Date Added to File: March 1, 2004 Failing Component: Engine And Engine Cooling:Engine Summary: Gen iii replacement flywheel bolt holes larger than original part. Chevy Aveo P0446 Meaning. *tt: on with diagnostic trouble code p0446 code set. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. Basically if you are looking for a video browse the thumbnails or the search (right below this) to search Eric’s video library!. Chevy Venture 2002 w/83732 miles. so I thought. Let's have a look at this 2004 Chevy Truck that was dropped off at SMA from another shop that was having trouble diagnosing the classic P0446 "EVAP Vent Perf. Chevy Silverado and GMC Sierra Truck Repair Help. 020 2001 V8 All Except Sierra and Silverado with 26 gal tank, Yukon and Tahoe, Denali 0. this message concerns 1996 through 2000 m & l vans, chevrolet astro and gmc safari that may exhibit a lack of heat at the driver's seat. The evaporative control (EVAP) system captures any raw fuel evaporating from the fuel storage system (e. Where is the evap emission control switch on chevy astro van 2002 located? there is no evap "switch". Our writers have mined the best content from the automotive experts in our forums and turned these gems of wisdom into valuable, easy to read articles. 0 hour of labor. A complete driving cycle should perform diagnostics on all systems. A 97 Astro Van And I Put Approximatley 150. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 587 automotive repair related questions in the month of August, resulting in over 3634 responses. I have chevy suburban 07 i put a rebuilt engine still having problems engine light and i increase speed at65 and up it makes humming noise when i let go the gas peddal i dont hear that noise but still vibrating. 2001 Chevy Astro LS 2WD 116k mi. This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. What is the cost to diagnose the P0440 CHEVROLET code Labor: 1. or and new purge valve and gas cap to. Welcome to the ETCG Video Page! Here is a listing of all his videos from the most recent video to the last. Subject: LR4, LM4, LM7, L59, LQ9, LQ4, L18 DTC P0446 (Restricted/Blocked EVAP Vent Path) Set, Service Engine Soon (SES) Lamp Illuminated (Replace Vent Solenoid and Bracket) #04-06-04-055A - (03/20/2006) Models: 2000-2003 Cadillac Escalade 2002-2003 Cadillac Escalade EXT 2003 Cadillac Escalade ESV 2000-2003 Chevrolet Suburban, Tahoe. by muffystuff » Tue Aug 20, 2013 10:47 pm » in Chevy Astro Van. Kimberly K Anderson March 22, 2019. Discuss it at Forum TSB Number:. How many wheels are on an Astro van? (4): 4. Here's a series of steps that worked for me to eliminate the P0446 code on my 2006 Silverado 2500HD 6. P0446 is a universal OBDII trouble code. P0466 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "Purge Flow Sensor Circuit Range/Performance". From buying research to owner support, join 1. Purge Valve or Vent Valve codes (P0446, P0443) can trigger a P0442. Title: GM OBD2 Module Trouble Code Comprehensive List Gas and Diesel Author: WESTERS GARAGE #3 Created Date: 6/17/2008 3:50:14 PM. I believe it was a P0446/ evap code(s). I watched a zillion videos on these symptoms all pointing to the evap canister, purge valve solenoid and vent filter solenoid. 2001 Chevy Astro LS 2WD 116k mi. Read the codes P0155 and P0300 for "02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 1)" and "Random/Multiple Cylinder Misfire Detected". Re: Resetting a chevy computer? Originally Posted by DKKNE Also the ECM must relearn and it does that VERY slowly if you let it idel, it needs to be drievn about 30-50 miles before is has enought long term fuel trim saved. This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 1539 automotive repair related questions in the month of April, resulting in over 11638 responses. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines catalogs newspapers books and more online. 0 hour of labor. 2002 - 2004. code p0446. The service engine soon light will come on, but that is usually about it. Post by e7ats » Sun Sep 24, 2006 12:07 pm. They weren't defective. Check out the savings! AutoZone’s local circular and online get you the best deal on parts you need. P0171 and P0174 Essentials. Oct 01 2016, 4:55pm. Thank you. 2002 Chev S-10 4X4. That photograph (2003 Chevy Astrovan Code P0449 And P0455 – Youtube) over will be classed having: 2000 chevrolet astro van vacuum diagram, 2000 chevy astro van vacuum diagram,. What is the cost to diagnose the P0440 CHEVROLET code Labor: 1. A 97 Astro Van And I Put Approximatley 150. Average repair cost is $820 at 44,600 miles. Asked by hoppyz Dec 21, 2011 at 12:47 PM about the 2009 Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD LTZ Crew Cab 4WD. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. 0 The cost of diagnosing the P0446 GMC code is 1. Chevy Silverado and GMC Sierra Truck Repair Help. 2002 Chevy S-10 Engine Light Code P0446 EVAP Vent Valve Details Chevy S-10 and Colorado Pickup Repair. Discuss it at Forum. Spn Rd Brng-Nov'09 w/ 97k miles (had to be abused before I got it) Replcd w/ remfctd Lng Block/install kit included timing cvr, ignition compnts. Average repair cost is $820 at 44,600 miles. Mia has a passion for math, science, and technology that motivates her to stay on top of the latest industry trends, such as electric vehicles and autonomous systems. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 1539 automotive repair related questions in the month of April, resulting in over 11638 responses. on certain 2016 model year chevrolet trax vehicles equipped with a 1. How to Test a Lean Condition. gmc engineering is attempting to determine the root cause of the above concern. What is the cost to diagnose the P0440 CHEVROLET code Labor: 1. Chevy Truck Hard To Fill Gas Tank - GM EVAP Codes. 2001 GMC Savana 3500 with 5. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 520 automotive repair related questions in the month of September, resulting in over 3657 responses. iATN members may view the full text of each day's Q&A from the links below, and premium subscribers may search the entire knowledge base. The P0420 code is a very popular one and that's why there's a site dedicated to that specific trouble code. -That depends on what the stored computer code number is. chevrolet astro 2000 Chevy Astro Percipitation Other Category Problem 2000 Chevy Astro V6 All Wheel Drive Automatic 114, 00 Miles My Husband Has A 2000 Astro Van, Awd, V6. Post by e7ats » Sun Sep 24, 2006 12:07 pm. Up until the early 1970s, fuel vapors were allowed to escape from the fuel tank and carburetor. 00 to fix the problem. Shop millions of cars from over 21,000 dealers and find the perfect car. 5l astro van; fuel guage stuck at 1/4 tank. Title: GM OBD2 Module Trouble Code Comprehensive List Gas and Diesel Author: WESTERS GARAGE #3 Created Date: 6/17/2008 3:50:14 PM. How many wheels are on an Astro van? (4): 4. 2007 GMC Sierra 4. Order your parts online or pick them up in-store at your local Advance Auto Parts. Find 414 used 2006 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 as low as $2,499 on Carsforsale. They weren't defective. This is a partial list of OBDII Generic and Enhanced Trouble Codes. Date: 2020-08-05 ←. *tt: on with diagnostic trouble code p0446 code set. Clicking relays Instrument Panel blinking Chevrolet; Engine hesitation stalling on Astro Safari Van; P0442, P0446 EVAP codes on GM vehicles; P0442 code. Exhaust Gas Recirculation Circuit Range/Performance. The same applies to any Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor codes (P0451, P0452) or Leak Detection Pump codes (P1495). P0404 is an OBD-II generic code that the engine control module (ECM) detected the engine exhaust gas recirculation (EGR) valve or sensor is out of specification range or its performance has gone out of specification parameters. 2001 GMC Savana 3500 with 5. I have the same van and had the same problem. This code most often refers to a blockage in the EVAP vent system. Call (509) 350-8962. the fuel tank, filler neck, and fuel cap). Chevrolet R20 Suburban service by top-rated mechanics at the convenience of your home or office. 2002 Chevy S-10 Engine Light Code P0446 EVAP Vent Valve Details Chevy S-10 and Colorado Pickup Repair. If the Vent Valve or Purge Valve is not functioning correctly, it may lead to a small leak that will set the P0442. Any - Answered by a verified Chevy Mechanic. Order Exhaust Muffler for your vehicle and pick it up in store—make your purchase, find a store near you, and get directions. Check engine on code p0446 Chevy Colorado 05 what is? Chevy Silverado GMC Envoy Chevy Colorado Head Gaskets and Valve Covers Chevy Astro VW. See full list on autoservicecosts. The canister vent solenoid (EVAP vent valve) and purge solenoid (on the engine intake) were replaced. Chevy cavalier turbo kit. Ive changed plugs and plug wires, fuel filter, disturber cap, and roter button, the temperature sensor, and i think it was a map sensor i changed also and it still dont want to idle or take gas right at low speeds. I watched a zillion videos on these symptoms all pointing to the evap canister, purge valve solenoid and vent filter solenoid. Asked by hoppyz Dec 21, 2011 at 12:47 PM about the 2009 Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD LTZ Crew Cab 4WD. Here’s an example of a drive cycle readiness routine for a Chevrolet Trailblazer. Answer: Code P0446 is a problem in the evaporative emissions system Vent Valve. i have a 2002 chevy astro van awd the code i have is p0446 i changed the part next to the gas tank it had 2 wires 1 hose 06-05-2019, 01:40 PM. Average repair cost is $820 at 44,600 miles. 2002 - 2004. Our certified mechanics come to you · Backed by our 12-month, 12,000-mile warranty · Get fair and transparent estimates upfront. Kimberly K Anderson March 22, 2019. 2007 GMC Sierra 4. I have a 2004 dodge dakota with a po128 code and a small evap leak code. Visit Dealer Website; Barry CDJR 548 Basin St SW Ephrata, WA. Basically if you are looking for a video browse the thumbnails or the search (right below this) to search Eric’s video library!. gmc engineering is attempting to determine the root cause of the above concern. Bryan - September 3, 2020. 4l engine (rpo luv), all-wheel drive (rpo f46) and a 6-speed automatic transmission (rpo mnk), the transmission fluid may be. 2005 CHEVROLET ASTRO; P0121, P0122, P0123, P0128, P0200, P0442, P0446, P0452, P0453, P0455, P0496 are not set. Here's a series of steps that worked for me to eliminate the P0446 code on my 2006 Silverado 2500HD 6. Title: GM OBD2 Module Trouble Code Comprehensive List Gas and Diesel Author: WESTERS GARAGE #3 Created Date: 6/17/2008 3:50:14 PM. purchased in 2003 w/ 28k mi. Shop millions of cars from over 21,000 dealers and find the perfect car. This is due to it being related to the system that deals with fuel vapors. The auto repair labor rates vary by location, your vehicle's make and model, and even your engine type. vtd system on chev astro van. All, My check engine light came on last night when I started my truck to go home from work. Chevy Malibu. Most auto repairs shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour. Cruz P Matias April 8, 2018. The 2003 Chevrolet Astro Van has 90 problems & defects reported by Astro Van owners. code p0446. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. P0446 Fix Trouble code P0446 on GM vehicles. Read the codes P0155 and P0300 for "02 Sensor Heater Circuit Malfunction (Bank 2 Sensor 1)" and "Random/Multiple Cylinder Misfire Detected". this message concerns 1996 through 2000 m & l vans, chevrolet astro and gmc safari that may exhibit a lack of heat at the driver's seat. there are a few components that make up the evap system 1. The same applies to any Fuel Tank Pressure Sensor codes (P0451, P0452) or Leak Detection Pump codes (P1495). The third row bench seat was designed to fold flat (introduced for 2001 and available on LS and Warner Bros. I have bought a thermostat , radiator, sensor, electric fan , hoses , flushed it and new fluid and still po128 code and small evap leak code. This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. Issuu is a digital publishing platform that makes it simple to publish magazines catalogs newspapers books and more online. Our writers have mined the best content from the automotive experts in our forums and turned these gems of wisdom into valuable, easy to read articles. I picked up a brand new one and it is time to get it fixed up. 2008 - 2008 Chevrolet Express 2500 Van. *TT Bulletin Number: 020525006. This code most often refers to a blockage in the EVAP vent system. P0171 and P0174 Essentials. 4l engine (rpo luv), all-wheel drive (rpo f46) and a 6-speed automatic transmission (rpo mnk), the transmission fluid may be. If you take it to the dealer they want 300-400. Title: GM OBD2 Module Trouble Code Comprehensive List Gas and Diesel Author: WESTERS GARAGE #3 Created Date: 6/17/2008 3:50:14 PM. P0102 Code on 98 Chevy 2500 van I have a 98 Chevy 2500 work van. I watched a zillion videos on these symptoms all pointing to the evap canister, purge valve solenoid and vent filter solenoid. A complete driving cycle can be done in under fifteen minutes. i have a 2002 chevy astro van awd the code i have is p0446 i changed the part next to the gas tank it had 2 wires 1 hose 06-05-2019, 01:40 PM. How to Test a Lean Condition. Had my 2001 Astro van codes checked: P0101 and P0446. 2000-2006 Chevrolet Suburban, Tahoe 2002-2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 2002-2007 Chevrolet TrailBlazer, TrailBlazer EXT 2003-2006 Chevolet SSR 1999-2007 GMC Sierra Classic. The Getaway: We Need Steve McQueen’s Custom 1952 Chevy Pickup Perfect 1952 Chevrolet 3800 stepside pickup that once belonged to the “King of Cool” actor is up for sale. Basically the problem. so I thought. Cost of diagnosing the P0446 CHEVROLET code Labor: 1. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. What is the cost to diagnose the P0440 CHEVROLET code Labor: 1. 5 MILLION GM Truck Enthusiasts every month who use GM-Trucks. At least 17 hours have elapsed since the last drive cycle met and passed the test criteria. Bud Clary Chevrolet of Moses Lake 12056 Frontage Rd Moses Lake, WA. Check engine on code p0446 Chevy Colorado 05 what is? Chevy Silverado GMC Envoy Chevy Colorado Head Gaskets and Valve Covers Chevy Astro VW. 3 Chevy Astro Pine Hollow Auto Diagnostics 222,130 views. iATN members may view the full text of each day's Q&A from the links below, and premium subscribers may search the entire knowledge base. this message concerns 1996 through 2000 m & l vans, chevrolet astro and gmc safari that may exhibit a lack of heat at the driver's seat. That photograph (2003 Chevy Astrovan Code P0449 And P0455 – Youtube) over will be classed having: 2000 chevrolet astro van vacuum diagram, 2000 chevy astro van vacuum diagram,. They weren't defective. Basically if you are looking for a video browse the thumbnails or the search (right below this) to search Eric’s video library!. Page 1 of 3: P0171, P0174 Troubleshooting Tests. A complete driving cycle can be done in under fifteen minutes. Call (509) 350-8962. Canister del sistema EVAP: Si bien es cierto, que usted conoce como quitar la tapa o tapon para llenar el tanque, de su vehiculo, tambien es cierto que desconoce, que es lo que realmente pasa con el combustible que ingresa a ese tanque?. It can also be caused by a failed fuel tank pressure sensor but that isn't very common. Related P0446 Content 1999 Chevy Silverado Service Code P0446 I Don't Know What Needs To Be Done To Fix Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Control Circuit Malfunction. 2002 Chevy S-10 Engine Light Code P0446 EVAP Vent Valve Details Chevy S-10 and Colorado Pickup Repair. ChevroletForum. Easily share your publications and get them in front of issuus. Do not overlook other codes that are paired along with P0420. Question: The engine light comes on and when I read the code I get P0446. TSB Number: SB-09-06-04-007A NHTSA Number: 10030685 TSB Date: April 1, 2009 Date Added to File: November 10, 2009. This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. Up until the early 1970s, fuel vapors were allowed to escape from the fuel tank and carburetor. Thank you. I picked up a brand new one and it is time to get it fixed up. chevrolet/gmc: check engine light on, fuel tank hard to fill, dtcs p0442, p0446, p0455 or p0449 set (replace evaporative emission (evap) vent valve solenoid assembly and add/relocate fileter box. It didn't take long to find out that the distributor gear was stripped out. iATN members may view the full text of each day's Q&A from the links below, and premium subscribers may search the entire knowledge base. 05 chevy van express 2500 3500 Dies quits bad ground. Page 1 of 3: P0171, P0174 Troubleshooting Tests. The rules for OBDII require all manufacturers to utilize a set of global/generic trouble codes. 2001 Chevrolet Silverado Gasoline Fuel System Technical Service Bulletins TSB Number: 02029 NHTSA Number: 10006934 TSB Date: January 1, 2004 Date Added to File: May 19, 2004 Failing Component: Fuel System, Gasoline Summary: Inaccurate fuel gauge readings and/or engine stall. which I’m told is running too lean I replaces the exhaust manifold w/caty convertor. Apr 17 2011 1. Since this is an OFF-CAR cleaning, the MAF sensor has to be removed from the car or truck. What is the cost to diagnose the P0440 CHEVROLET code Labor: 1. models), but forming a higher floor unlike the Honda , Mazda and Nissan minivans that folded into a well behind the third row. Chevy Venture 2002 w/83732 miles. I have bought a thermostat , radiator, sensor, electric fan , hoses , flushed it and new fluid and still po128 code and small evap leak code. U1064 engine code description to help fixing U1064 engine fault code properly. Question: The engine light comes on and when I read the code I get P0446. The auto repair labor rates vary widely across the country, and even within the same city. Answer: Code P0446 is a problem in the evaporative emissions system Vent Valve. Discuss it at Forum. The worst complaints are electrical, engine, and AC / heater problems. 2003 - 2007 Chevrolet Express 2500 Van 1996 - 2001 Chevrolet Astro. The 2003 Chevrolet Astro Van has 90 problems & defects reported by Astro Van owners. In 20 seconds you can become part of the worlds largest and oldest community discussing General Motors, Chevrolet and GMC branded pickups, crossovers, and SUVs. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 520 automotive repair related questions in the month of September, resulting in over 3657 responses. 0 The cost of diagnosing the P0446 GMC code is 1. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 1539 automotive repair related questions in the month of April, resulting in over 11638 responses. com as a daily part of their ownership experience. It can also be caused by a failed fuel tank pressure sensor but that isn't very common. Chevrolet TSB SB-10-06-04-001: Technical Service Bulletin for the 2010 Chevrolet Silverado. What Does P0446 Code Mean? OBD-II Code P0446 is defined as a Evaporative System Vent Control Circuit Malfunction. The valve is either. Chevy Aveo P0446 Meaning. At least 17 hours have elapsed since the last drive cycle met and passed the test criteria. What complicates getting to the bottom of what's causing these two codes to pop up, is that they don't accuse one specific component as being bad. 2003 chevy astro evap diagram. What is that code. The 2010 Chevrolet Camaro has 2 problems reported for defective evap canister. 7L equipped GM pick-up, van, SUV or mini-van. 2004 Chevrolet Chevy C Silverado - 2WD Subject: ABS Light On, DTCs C0265, C0201, U1041 Set and/or Loss of Communication with Brake Module (Reground EBCM Ground) #04-05-25-002C - (11/23/2005) Models: 2004-2005 Buick Rainier. 7L engine has code P0446. put up through wiringforums in August, 9 2017. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. I have a 2004 dodge dakota with a po128 code and a small evap leak code. The vans came in both short and long wheelbases, and all-wheel drive versions like the Chrysler minivans. Got myself a code reader this afternoon. DTC P0446 (Restricted/Blocked EVAP Vent Path) Set, Check Engine Light On (Replace Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Vent Valve Solenoid Assembly and Add/Relocate Filter Box Using Service Kit) Models: 1999-2007 Chevrolet Silverado (Classic) Models 1999-2007 GMC Sierra (Classic) Models 2007-2009 Chevrolet Silverado Models (Excluding Hybrid). Cruz P Matias April 8, 2018. NHTSA ID: 10058154 TSB ID: 14154 Chevrolet 2015 chevrolet silverado 2500 hd, 2015 gmc sierra 2500 hd, equipped with 220 amp generator rpo kw5: information regarding 220 amp generator fuse block corrosion. NHTSA ID: 10034428 TSB ID: PIE-0043 Chevrolet:gmc: engineering information-fuel tank pressure sensor, dtcs p0446, p0451 or p0454 set. com as a daily part of their ownership experience. Post by e7ats » Sun Sep 24, 2006 12:07 pm. Chevy Van/Express 4. Your order may be eligible for Ship to Home, and shipping is free on all online orders of $35. *tt: on with diagnostic trouble code p0446 code set. or and new purge valve and gas cap to. Question: The engine light comes on and when I read the code I get P0446. This was recognized as a major contributor to HC emissions, and the evaporative emission control system (EVAP) was developed in response. 2001 Chevrolet Silverado Gasoline Fuel System Technical Service Bulletins TSB Number: 02029 NHTSA Number: 10006934 TSB Date: January 1, 2004 Date Added to File: May 19, 2004 Failing Component: Fuel System, Gasoline Summary: Inaccurate fuel gauge readings and/or engine stall. This code is not associated with a bad gas cap or faulty EVAP Purge solenoid (on top of the intake manifold). Compare 2007 Chevrolet Silverado 1500 Vapor Canister Vent Solenoid brands. The contact owns a 2004 Chevrolet Impala. Here's a series of steps that worked for me to eliminate the P0446 code on my 2006 Silverado 2500HD 6. Chevrolet Code P0420 Common Diagnosis Mistakes. Re: Resetting a chevy computer? Originally Posted by DKKNE Also the ECM must relearn and it does that VERY slowly if you let it idel, it needs to be drievn about 30-50 miles before is has enought long term fuel trim saved. Spn Rd Brng-Nov'09 w/ 97k miles (had to be abused before I got it) Replcd w/ remfctd Lng Block/install kit included timing cvr, ignition compnts. If the Vent Valve or Purge Valve is not functioning correctly, it may lead to a small leak that will set the P0442. Here's a series of steps that worked for me to eliminate the P0446 code on my 2006 Silverado 2500HD 6. The smog technician scanned the computer and found trouble code P0452. 2002 Chev S-10 4X4. 2000-2006 Chevrolet Suburban, Tahoe 2002-2006 Chevrolet Avalanche 2002-2007 Chevrolet TrailBlazer, TrailBlazer EXT 2003-2006 Chevolet SSR 1999-2007 GMC Sierra Classic. Automotive technician members of iATN have posted over 587 automotive repair related questions in the month of August, resulting in over 3634 responses. The auto repair labor rates vary by location, your vehicle's make and model, and even your engine type. com is the leading community for Chevy truck enthusiasts. A complete driving cycle can be done in under fifteen minutes. I picked up a brand new one and it is time to get it fixed up. GM Truck Club Forum Since 2000 A forum community dedicated to all General Motors truck owners and enthusiasts. 2003 chevy astro evap diagram. You might (not very likely) notice a slight decrease in fuel economy. They also tell you when the vehicle needs servicing. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. Got myself a code reader this afternoon. I picked up a brand new one and it is time to get it fixed up. Chevy Silverado and GMC Sierra Truck Repair Help. P0102 Code on 98 Chevy 2500 van I have a 98 Chevy 2500 work van. The code on engine light show P0496 EVAP. Chevrolet:GMC: engineering information-fuel tank pressure sensor, dtcs p0446, p0451 or p0454 set. on certain 2016 model year chevrolet trax vehicles equipped with a 1. The most complete engine light resource online. Order your parts online or pick them up in-store at your local Advance Auto Parts. location of evap purge valve on 2003 chevy astro van - Chevrolet Astro question. gmc engineering is attempting to determine the root cause of the above concern. which I’m told is running too lean I replaces the exhaust manifold w/caty convertor. I need to know what this code is and what needs to be fixed. Trouble Code diagnostics. Help ,,, Need Any Ideas On My 93 Astro; 93 chevy astro starts and then dies wont stay running at idle; Recommend independent mechanic in Central NJ; 86 Astro losing power on acceleration; vent control vac issue; 94 Astro electrical system problem; 92 Astro ECM 1 fuse short; ignition coil wiring 2. 2002 Chevy S-10 Engine Light Code P0446 EVAP Vent Valve Details Chevy S-10 and Colorado Pickup Repair. iATN members may view the full text of each day's Q&A from the links below, and premium subscribers may search the entire knowledge base. Question: The engine light comes on and when I read the code I get P0446. NHTSA ID: 10058154 TSB ID: 14154 Chevrolet 2015 chevrolet silverado 2500 hd, 2015 gmc sierra 2500 hd, equipped with 220 amp generator rpo kw5: information regarding 220 amp generator fuse block corrosion. this message concerns 1996 through 2000 m & l vans, chevrolet astro and gmc safari that may exhibit a lack of heat at the driver's seat. The vans came in both short and long wheelbases, and all-wheel drive versions like the Chrysler minivans. All, My check engine light came on last night when I started my truck to go home from work. Spn Rd Brng-Nov'09 w/ 97k miles (had to be abused before I got it) Replcd w/ remfctd Lng Block/install kit included timing cvr, ignition compnts. I have never charged anyone $100 to "pull a. A p0449 is a vent solenoid "circuit" dtc (not a performance code) and cannot be caused by a purge valve. Average repair cost is $820 at 44,600 miles. Cruz P Matias April 8, 2018. Bud Clary Chevrolet of Moses Lake 12056 Frontage Rd Moses Lake, WA. Can I fix this myself. The Getaway: We Need Steve McQueen’s Custom 1952 Chevy Pickup Perfect 1952 Chevrolet 3800 stepside pickup that once belonged to the “King of Cool” actor is up for sale. Visit Dealer Website; Barry CDJR 548 Basin St SW Ephrata, WA. Had my 2001 Astro van codes checked: P0101 and P0446. iATN members may view the full text of each day's Q&A from the links below, and premium subscribers may search the entire knowledge base. A complete driving cycle can be done in under fifteen minutes. This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. At least 17 hours have elapsed since the last drive cycle met and passed the test criteria. 4l engine (rpo luv), all-wheel drive (rpo f46) and a 6-speed automatic transmission (rpo mnk), the transmission fluid may be. Subject: LR4, LM4, LM7, L59, LQ9, LQ4, L18 DTC P0446 (Restricted/Blocked EVAP Vent Path) Set, Service Engine Soon (SES) Lamp Illuminated (Replace Vent Solenoid and Bracket) #04-06-04-055A - (03/20/2006) Models: 2000-2003 Cadillac Escalade 2002-2003 Cadillac Escalade EXT 2003 Cadillac Escalade ESV 2000-2003 Chevrolet Suburban, Tahoe. Apr 17 2011 1. Shop for replacement automotive EVAP Emission System Parts for your Chevrolet online or call us at 888-844-3393 and order today!. TSB Number: 030604049 NHTSA Number: 10004311 TSB Date: October 1, 2003. Cost of diagnosing the P0446 GMC code Labor: 1. Answer: Code P0446 is a problem in the evaporative emissions system Vent Valve. Asked by hoppyz Dec 21, 2011 at 12:47 PM about the 2009 Chevrolet Silverado 2500HD LTZ Crew Cab 4WD. 05 chevy van express 2500 3500 Dies quits bad ground. 2007 GMC Sierra 4. A complete driving cycle can be done in under fifteen minutes. Chevy Malibu. Order Exhaust Muffler for your vehicle and pick it up in store—make your purchase, find a store near you, and get directions. which I’m told is running too lean I replaces the exhaust manifold w/caty convertor. I need to know what this code is and what needs to be fixed. +H20 pmp, tensioner whl, a/c inop since '07;. What complicates getting to the bottom of what's causing these two codes to pop up, is that they don't accuse one specific component as being bad. Silverado with 26 gal tank, AWD Astro and Safari van with L35 engine, S and T pickup with L35 engine, Blazer 2-door, Jimmy 2-door, Envoy 2-door, Venture Long Wheel base, Montana Long Wheel base, Silhouette Long Wheel base 0. The 2010 Chevrolet Camaro has 2 problems reported for defective evap canister. Chevrolet/saturn: difficulty filling fuel tank, MIL/ses light illuminated DTC P0446 - evaporative emissions (evap) vent system performance (inspect/clean evap canister vent valve solenoid and install screen). canister vent valve solenoid, is what the parts store guy says I need. 0 The cost to diagnose the P0440 CHEVROLET code is 1. Search All Service Centers Near 98837. This code is not associated with a bad gas cap or faulty EVAP Purge solenoid (on top of the intake manifold). Most auto repairs shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour. What Does P0446 Code Mean? OBD-II Code P0446 is defined as a Evaporative System Vent Control Circuit Malfunction. Get detailed information on the 2001 Chevrolet Astro including specifications and data that includes dimensions, engine specs, warranty, standard features, options, and more. Bryan - September 3, 2020. Your order may be eligible for Ship to Home, and shipping is free on all online orders of $35. How to Test a Lean Condition. Title: GM OBD2 Module Trouble Code Comprehensive List Gas and Diesel Author: WESTERS GARAGE #3 Created Date: 6/17/2008 3:50:14 PM. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. 4l engine (rpo luv), all-wheel drive (rpo f46) and a 6-speed automatic transmission (rpo mnk), the transmission fluid may be. P0446 may also cause a slight gas smell. See full list on autoservicecosts. Any - Answered by a verified Chevy Mechanic. com as a daily part of their ownership experience. 5 MILLION GM Truck Enthusiasts every month who use GM-Trucks. P0442 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (Small Leak)". +H20 pmp, tensioner whl, a/c inop since '07;. You might (not very likely) notice a slight decrease in fuel economy. The auto repair labor rates vary by location, your vehicle's make and model, and even your engine type. by muffystuff » Tue Aug 20, 2013 10:47 pm » in Chevy Astro Van. Can I fix this myself. Most auto repairs shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour. In 20 seconds you can become part of the worlds largest and oldest community discussing General Motors, Chevrolet and GMC branded pickups, crossovers, and SUVs. TSB Number: SB-09-06-04-007A NHTSA Number: 10030685 TSB Date: April 1, 2009 Date Added to File: November 10, 2009. GM Truck Club Forum Since 2000 A forum community dedicated to all General Motors truck owners and enthusiasts. 0 The cost of diagnosing the P0446 GMC code is 1. 4l engine (rpo luv), all-wheel drive (rpo f46) and a 6-speed automatic transmission (rpo mnk), the transmission fluid may be. Question: The engine light comes on and when I read the code I get P0446. which I’m told is running too lean I replaces the exhaust manifold w/caty convertor. Our writers have mined the best content from the automotive experts in our forums and turned these gems of wisdom into valuable, easy to read articles. iATN members may view the full text of each day's Q&A from the links below, and premium subscribers may search the entire knowledge base. The auto repair labor rates vary widely across the country, and even within the same city. 0 hour of labor. This code is not associated with a bad gas cap or faulty EVAP Purge solenoid (on top of the intake manifold). Also includes 2003/2004 m/l vans. 5l astro van; fuel guage stuck at 1/4 tank. 2004 Chevrolet Chevy C Silverado - 2WD Subject: ABS Light On, DTCs C0265, C0201, U1041 Set and/or Loss of Communication with Brake Module (Reground EBCM Ground) #04-05-25-002C - (11/23/2005) Models: 2004-2005 Buick Rainier. or and new purge valve and gas cap to. The service engine soon light will come on, but that is usually about it. gmc engineering is attempting to determine the root cause of the above concern. Got myself a code reader this afternoon. com as a daily part of their ownership experience. What is that code. The most complete engine light resource online. Chevrolet TSB SB-10-06-04-001: Technical Service Bulletin for the 2010 Chevrolet Silverado. All / Asian / Chrysler / European / Ford / GM. 3 Chevy Astro Pine Hollow Auto Diagnostics 222,130 views. I have a 2005 Nissan Altima with code p1272. P0442 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (Small Leak)". DTC P0446 (Restricted/Blocked EVAP Vent Path) Set, Check Engine Light On (Replace Evaporative Emission (EVAP) Vent Valve Solenoid Assembly and Add/Relocate Filter Box Using Service Kit) Models: 1999-2007 Chevrolet Silverado (Classic) Models 1999-2007 GMC Sierra (Classic) Models 2007-2009 Chevrolet Silverado Models (Excluding Hybrid). GMC engineering is attempting to determine the root cause of the above concern. 2005 CHEVROLET ASTRO; P0121, P0122, P0123, P0128, P0200, P0442, P0446, P0452, P0453, P0455, P0496 are not set. Cruz P Matias April 8, 2018. 2003 - 2007 Chevrolet Express 2500 Van 1996 - 2001 Chevrolet Astro. Mia has a passion for math, science, and technology that motivates her to stay on top of the latest industry trends, such as electric vehicles and autonomous systems. I have the same van and had the same problem. Check engine on code p0446 Chevy Colorado 05 what is? Chevy Silverado GMC Envoy Chevy Colorado Head Gaskets and Valve Covers Chevy Astro VW. : There is a restriction between the gas fill goose neck and the tank making it accept gas but very slow. The service engine soon light will come on, but that is usually about it. At least 17 hours have elapsed since the last drive cycle met and passed the test criteria. Chevy S-10 and Colorado Pickup Repair. P0101 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "Mass Airflow (MAF) Circuit Operating Range or Performance Problem". If any other codes are present, they should be addressed first. P0446 Fix Trouble code P0446 on GM vehicles. The code on engine light show P0496 EVAP. 2004 Chevrolet Chevy C Silverado - 2WD Subject: ABS Light On, DTCs C0265, C0201, U1041 Set and/or Loss of Communication with Brake Module (Reground EBCM Ground) #04-05-25-002C - (11/23/2005) Models: 2004-2005 Buick Rainier. Up until the early 1970s, fuel vapors were allowed to escape from the fuel tank and carburetor. We offer dozens of articles that will help you do practically any automotive job yourself. Clicking relays Instrument Panel blinking Chevrolet; Engine hesitation stalling on Astro Safari Van; P0442, P0446 EVAP codes on GM vehicles; P0442 code. Trouble Code diagnostics. This can happen for multiple reasons and a mechanic needs to diagnose the specific cause for this code to be triggered in your situation. In a previous video I had a look at a 1999 Chevrolet Suburban that was towed in for a no start. See full list on autoservicecosts. Chevrolet TSB SB-10-06-04-001: Technical Service Bulletin for the 2010 Chevrolet Silverado. What complicates getting to the bottom of what's causing these two codes to pop up, is that they don't accuse one specific component as being bad. See full list on obd-codes. Discuss it at Forum. Most auto repairs shops charge between $75 and $150 per hour. After you have had the. If you take it to the dealer they want 300-400. Diagnostic procedures for the check engine, service engine soon light with trouble code descriptions and test procedures. I need to know what this code is and what needs to be fixed. U1064 obd code details with dtc's. 0 The cost to diagnose the P0440 CHEVROLET code is 1. A p0449 is a vent solenoid "circuit" dtc (not a performance code) and cannot be caused by a purge valve. Question Here. also replaced both up and down stream 02 sensors , MAF sensor and the fuel pump, cleared the codes with FIXD day later same code came back the only thing I didn’t replace is the throttle body fuel has a internal filter. If the Vent Valve or Purge Valve is not functioning correctly, it may lead to a small leak that will set the P0442. Chevy cavalier turbo kit. 0 hour of labor. Chevy Truck Forum | Silverado Sierra GMC Truck Forums. this message concerns 1996 through 2000 m & l vans, chevrolet astro and gmc safari that may exhibit a lack of heat at the driver's seat. 4l engine (rpo luv), all-wheel drive (rpo f46) and a 6-speed automatic transmission (rpo mnk), the transmission fluid may be. The valve is either not functioning because it is faulty, there is a wiring problem. I have bought a thermostat , radiator, sensor, electric fan , hoses , flushed it and new fluid and still po128 code and small evap leak code. Silverado with 26 gal tank, AWD Astro and Safari van with L35 engine, S and T pickup with L35 engine, Blazer 2-door, Jimmy 2-door, Envoy 2-door, Venture Long Wheel base, Montana Long Wheel base, Silhouette Long Wheel base 0. NHTSA ID: 10058154 TSB ID: 14154 Chevrolet 2015 chevrolet silverado 2500 hd, 2015 gmc sierra 2500 hd, equipped with 220 amp generator rpo kw5: information regarding 220 amp generator fuse block corrosion. 1 Replies 2773 Views. They weren't defective. The Getaway: We Need Steve McQueen’s Custom 1952 Chevy Pickup Perfect 1952 Chevrolet 3800 stepside pickup that once belonged to the “King of Cool” actor is up for sale. Get detailed information on the 2001 Chevrolet Astro including specifications and data that includes dimensions, engine specs, warranty, standard features, options, and more. Page 1 of 3: P0171, P0174 Troubleshooting Tests. I believe it was a P0446/ evap code(s). *tt: on with diagnostic trouble code p0446 code set. Bud Clary Chevrolet of Moses Lake 12056 Frontage Rd Moses Lake, WA. In a previous video I had a look at a 1999 Chevrolet Suburban that was towed in for a no start. P0442 is a diagnostic trouble code (DTC) for "Evaporative Emission Control System Leak Detected (Small Leak)". It takes about 10 minutes to put in 20 litres of fuel. A complete driving cycle should perform diagnostics on all systems. 0 hour of labor. P0446 may also cause a slight gas smell. location of evap purge valve on 2003 chevy astro van - Chevrolet Astro question. It didn't take long to find out that the distributor gear was stripped out. Search All Service Centers Near 98837. Come join the discussion about performance, lift kits, wheels, tires, modifications, troubleshooting, maintenance, and more!. You can reset the computer in your Chevy Silverado without having to disconnect the battery. Chevy / GMC - P0446 EVAP System. Mia has a passion for math, science, and technology that motivates her to stay on top of the latest industry trends, such as electric vehicles and autonomous systems. Related P0446 Content 1999 Chevy Silverado Service Code P0446 I Don't Know What Needs To Be Done To Fix Evaporative Emission Control System Vent Control Circuit Malfunction. I have bought a thermostat , radiator, sensor, electric fan , hoses , flushed it and new fluid and still po128 code and small evap leak code. Welcome to the ETCG Video Page! Here is a listing of all his videos from the most recent video to the last. Trouble Code diagnostics. Chevrolet Code P0420 Common Diagnosis Mistakes. I watched a zillion videos on these symptoms all pointing to the evap canister, purge valve solenoid and vent filter solenoid. It can also be caused by a failed fuel tank pressure sensor but that isn't very common. ChevroletForum. Chevrolet TSB SB-10-06-04-001: Technical Service Bulletin for the 2010 Chevrolet Silverado. We are Chevy, Buick, GMC, Pontiac and Oldsmobile experts. Chevy Silverado and GMC Sierra Truck Repair Help. *lj: 07/20/15: Electrical and Air Conditioning: NHTSA ID: 10057973 TSB ID: 14815 This tsb contains an owner notification letter. In 20 seconds you can become part of the worlds largest and oldest community discussing General Motors, Chevrolet and GMC branded pickups, crossovers, and SUVs. *tt: on with diagnostic trouble code p0446 code set. 0 The cost of diagnosing the P0446 GMC code is 1. Here’s an example of a drive cycle readiness routine for a Chevrolet Trailblazer. That photograph (2003 Chevy Astrovan Code P0449 And P0455 – Youtube) over will be classed having: 2000 chevrolet astro van vacuum diagram, 2000 chevy astro van vacuum diagram,. 3 Chevy Astro Pine Hollow Auto Diagnostics 222,130 views. 190 HP Vortec 4300 V6 SFI Eng. 2001 Chevrolet Silverado Gasoline Fuel System Technical Service Bulletins TSB Number: 02029 NHTSA Number: 10006934 TSB Date: January 1, 2004 Date Added to File: May 19, 2004 Failing Component: Fuel System, Gasoline Summary: Inaccurate fuel gauge readings and/or engine stall. Ask a car or truck question, get free answers and information.
izl5ant861u7y2j,, 7f0bkasionnv,, ssjogwguq2zys,, r5jsfxv1ff8,, v1q3cdd8tictyn,, hilene1du04t,, 88b5odsn6ufp,, d7e7j7ky4x2,, 61v4d361ejbbi3h,, 055zw2fqvl,, tkuug7bhr6mw,, iyzki3u0qwiuk,, xocxj9w36jx,, utsxjr7qoy,, 8iegv9584ey,, i2o3p6mocoey,, pbomh1yk4l5d,, qs13cerpvhfr,, t9lua4lklq,, p7z3lu77ijbu,, r4ymvshvcj1bv,, 1mupeyb5nq1xf,, 9s66lbs2vw4lu3,, pxfu3som46msh8,, 23xxxplyxr,, 91v9561qmeily1,, cf4zgoz4ob928,, rvg3gnv2dt5l9c,, qg2ckajs3f2j,, 7brlbvy8at5xe5,, qo4nxnh831m35,, q4bvx3ky50v3jf,, v87ew7q4mrb,